The spirituality of the East Europe in the Middle Age
The Mount Athos monastery , founded in those far-off years, is, still today the spiritual orthodoxian centre . Anthony monk was the founder. From this lonely place, over the Calcidica peninsula, radiated a light that lights all the East Orthodoxe Europe still today. The monks apply the St. Theodor of Studios rule, leading a semi-eremitic life, remaining alone for many times of the day, and meeting for the common pray only. This style of spirituality is called "laura". So the Mount Athos monastery is also called "Great Laura". Over the Middle Age centuries the Slavic converts to the Orthodoxy founded their monasteries over this mount: Bulgarians, Serbs and Russians. In fact the Holy Mount was the starting point for the Slavic people’s evangelisation . This fact was in accord with the imperial politics, leaning to recognise the emperor as the supreme leader of the Orthodox Christian world. In 864 St. Cyril e St. Method, two monks brothers, native of Salonika, left for the mission to Moravia. To transmit to the Slavic the Christian Orthodox religion and the Byzantine law, Cyril invented an alphabet (Glagolitic), fitting the Greek to the Slavonic. The St. Cyril and St. Method’ s disciples simplified it, starting to the Cyrillic alphabet (so named in his honor), and to the first writing in a similar language for all the Slavic people, named "Ecclesiastic Ancient Slavonic". The spirituality of east Europe was influenced in a most important way by these two great saints. Christian Orthodox faith and implicit agreement of Byzantine emperor ‘s power were the foundations for the development of the great part of the East Europe countries. In these countries the religious and the political choice to bind they self to the Holy Roman Empire or to the Byzantine Empire made in the Middle Age explains still today the cultural, political and religious. Particularly Poland, Hungary, Czech people and Slovaks, Croatia, Estonian and Lithuanian bind they self to German and Catholic West. Instead Bulgaria, Serbia and Russia bind they self to the Byzantine Emperor and to the Greek orthodoxe Church. In these countries one writes in modern Cyrillic, and one follows the Byzantine liturgy still today.
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