The Spirit of Medieval Man 

 between reason and faith

(Part  I)



The Middle Ages were the epoch of experimentation and one of the greatest of these was the encounter between reason and faith. The fascinating development of theology and philosophy is of the greatest interest in the medieval epoch, and not only in the Roman Occident because of its Carolingian theology, its universities and scholasticism but also in the Greek Orient, in the Jewish and Islamic worlds where were born great theological and philosophical personalities such as Maimonides (Jewish), Averroes and Avicena (Islamic) or the great thinkers of Greek Orthodoxy such as St. Gregory Palamas and St. Theodor Studita. In the Middle Ages, however, it was the Occident which wielded the greater influence combining as it did a continuation of Biblical studies with the study of the seven liberal arts and reflection on the “auctoritates”. This method initiated by Severinus Boethius, developed by Alcuin and further by St. Anselm of Aosta finds its most complete application in scholasticism.









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